Head-On Collisions

head on collision

A head-on collision occurs when the front ends of two vehicles strike one another in a crash. These collisions are particularly violent and can often result in injuries or even death due to the nature of the crash and the force of the impact.

In 2011, head-on collisions accounted for just over 8% of all traffic related accidents in Illinois but over 10% of all fatalities, meaning that this type of crash is disproportionately responsible for deaths in the state.

Common Head-On Collisions

The most common form of a head-on collision is where vehicles traveling in different directions on the same road strike one another. This may occur when one driver is distracted, not paying attention to the road, or drowsy and crosses the center line, placing the vehicle directly in the path of opposing traffic.

Another common scenario that leads to a head-on collision is when one vehicle drives the wrong way down a one way street. This can place vehicles traveling in opposite directions in the same lane of traffic, leading to a collision between the two. People unfamiliar with an area are more likely to make this error, as are drivers who are traveling during dark hours or in an unlit area. One way streets are labeled to prevent these types of mistakes and they use white paint on the road surface to separate lanes, if there are multiple lanes, without yellow paint to further inform motorists that two way traffic does not exist in the area. Yet despite these safety efforts, head-on collisions still occur.

Rural and less populated areas see head-on collisions as the result of improper passing on a highway. Where traffic is allowed to pass by using the lane designed for opposing traffic, there is always a risk of a crash. An example is where a two lane undivided highway exists and one driver wants to pass a slow car in front of him. Where allowed, a driver can do this by passing in the lane used by opposing traffic only when there is no traffic present and it is safe to do so. However if a driver passes where it is prohibited by law or when oncoming traffic is not clear, he may cause a head-on collision with another vehicle.

Common Injuries Caused By Head-On Collisions

Thousands of different injuries can result from a head-on collision but due to the nature of the crash and the forces involved on the occupants, there are several injuries that are common in these collisions.

Cuts and abrasions to the face, torso, and arms are common in crashes and may result from a driver coming into contact with the steering wheel, the dash board, the side of the door, or another fixed object in the car. Windshields often shatter as a result of these accidents, spraying glass shards inside the passenger compartment, which can result in glass cuts to exposed and unexposed skin and even glass shards becoming embedded in a victim. This can lead to significant and disfiguring scarring after a victim heals.

Another type of common injury is fractured or broken bones. This results when great force is applied to a limb, rib, or other bone, forcing the bone past its breaking point. Fractures can be compound or open, meaning that the broken bone breaks through the skin surrounding it. Compound fractures often require surgery and present a greater threat for infection due to the broken skin, which provides a path for bacteria to enter the body and bloodstream.

Injuries to the head, including traumatic brain injuries, are common in head-on collisions and are sometimes caused by a head’s impact with a steering wheel, dashboard, headrest, or a seat in front of a passenger. A traumatic brain injury is a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that results in a disruption of normal brain function. It can range from mild to severe with severe cases producing lasting effects. Some people with traumatic brain injuries suffer extreme brain damage and lose the ability to care for themselves, requiring permanent assistance for the remainder of their lives.

Head-on collisions are also responsible for about 3,900 deaths every year. Some of these deaths occur instantly upon impact while other victims survive for a period of time before succumbing to their injuries.

What to Do if You Have Been Injured

If you have been involved in a head-on collision and you were injured, or if a family member was injured or killed, it is important to know that you have rights and that you may be entitled to fair compensation for your damages. In the case of a victim who was killed, the victim’s family members may be able to bring a claim for their losses. These claims are in addition to any traffic or criminal penalties that the at-fault driver may face as a result of the collision.

If you were injured in an accident, call the Chicago head-on collision lawyers at Abels & Annes, P.C. today at (855) LAW-CHICAGO or contact us online. We offer a free consultation with no obligation and we have a lawyer standing by to speak with you 24 hours a day. At Abels & Annes, P.C., we do not charge a fee unless we make a recovery for you and we are ready to get to work on your behalf, so call us now and let us fight for your rights.

If a head-on collision left you injured, call Abels & Annes, P.C. today or Contact Us online for a free case consultation.

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